Last week, the focus was on cultural appropriation and society from the perspective of the majority raiding the non-material culture of minorities. This week, the shoe is on the other foot as cultural appropriation isn’t a one way street.
The video from “The Midnight Special” from 1974 shows Redbone performing their hit song “Come And Get Your Love.” It was a song that climbed the charts all the way to #5, and stayed on the charts long enough to be certified Gold (it sold over half a million copies) because it was catchy and fun. The band members were Native American Indians, and the New York Smithsonian Institution accredited the group as being the first Native American Indian rock group to have an international hit.
The song made its way back up the Billboard charts in 2014 when it was featured in the “Guardians of the Galaxy” movie.
The year after that, Netflix used the song as the intro theme for the cartoon series, “F is for Family.”
The song has legs obviously, with as much audience appeal forty years after its release as the day it first hit the airwaves. But forty years later, there seems to be some cultural appropriation issues with the song.
Redbone’s song lyrics referenced Cajun and New Orleans culture but the founding brothers, Patrick and Lolly Vasquez-Vegas were a mix of Yaqui, Shoshone, and Mexican heritage. The band was known for playing rock music, R&B, blue-eyed soul, funk, and country as well as tribal music. There’s no denying that R&B and blue-eyed soul are definitely not from any Native American Indian culture. And funk, rock, and country music is associated with cultures other than Indigenous cultures.
But wait a minute! Guitars – acoustic or electric — aren’t traditional Native American Indian instruments!
The first acoustic guitar as we know it was built in 1850 by Spanish guitarist and luthier Antonio de Torres Jurado (13 June 1817 – 19 November 1892), based on a design by note Spanish guitar maker Joséf Pagés (1740 – 1822) and Spanish luthier Josef Sebastián Benedid Díaz (10 February 1760 – 20 October 1836). The guitar had a body that was now able to hold its own with an orchestra without being lost in the other instruments. Europeans went wild for guitars!
Electric guitars had their humble beginnings at the heart of electromagnetic induction which was discovered by English scientist Michael Faraday (22 September 1791 – 25 August 1867) on August 29, 1831.
By 1919, magazine ads began to appear, offering devices that would amplify instruments, and then came American jazz, country, and blues guitarist and songwriter Lester William Polsfuss, better known as Les Paul (9 June 1915 – 12 August 2009) and American inventor Clarence Leonidas “Leo” Fender (10 August 1909 – 21 March 1991) who created the electric guitar as we know it today.
Now Les Paul’s ancestry is German thanks to both parents, and Leo Fender’s family is American going back to his great-great-great-great-grandparents. That being said, the generation before that was from Baden-Wuerttemberg (Germany) and Cumberland (England) and Bethnal Green, Stepney, County Middlesex (England).
The argument can be made that Redbone’s success was due in part to the cultural appropriation of guitars which are obviously part of the English, Spanish, and German cultures.
Some will argue that fiddles were instruments of the Inuit and the Apache however fiddles only appeared after Indigenous peoples had contact with Europeans so it would seem that this may be a case of cultural appropriation. But even if it’s argued that fiddles are Indigenous instruments, they aren’t guitars, and they aren’t played the way guitars are played. This means that guitars are definitely not Native American Indian instruments.
Since we know from last weeks’ essay that cultural appropriation happens when one culture’s dance, dress, music, language, folklore, cuisine, and more are used without permission of the culture from which it is taken, is it not fair to say that Native American Indians have also engaged in cultural appropriation?
And then there’s the Aboriginal rappers to consider. Have they engaged in cultural appropriation?
What are your thoughts on the subject?